Els Clots de Sant Julià

This is undoubtedly one of the most emblematic, mysterious, interesting and at the same time unknown elements that we have in Forallac.

It is an ancient quarry made up of a magnificent cavern complex, some up to 10 m deep, excavated into the rock. It is located on hills that are on the east of the Puig-sec farmhouse, in the same place that formerly the Gros farmhouse menhir had occupied and the grave of the Puig-sec farmhouse, in the middle of a lush pine and oak forest.

Its origin seems to be very old, since Roman and pre-Roman findings have been made, although no in-depth archaeological intervention has yet been carried out that helps to determine its history with certainty. It has even been speculated that the walls of the pre-Roman city Puig de Sant Andreu d'Ullastret or Empúries could have been built with the stone from the pits. It is also thought that the town of Peratallada was constructed with this stone.

It is thus possible, that they were already operating in times before Romanisation. But, on the other hand, it should be noted that the majority of churches and medieval monuments of the neighbourhood are built with sandstone. There are also those who say that in these pits there was a fixed population, fleeing from the Roman or Arab powers, dedicated to the teaching of the Christian religion.

The Throne of the Queen

According to an ancient legend, the first Christians of the country were martyred in the Pits of Sant Julià. The troglodyte chapel known as ‘Sitial’ or ‘Throne of the Queen’, which is one of the most interesting elements in the area, contains a cross in its inner part that seems to be to represent the Christianisation of a pagan place. It is an outcrop of natural rock that has been excavated and has a cave-like appearance. Its interior is oval, with perfectly smooth walls and is 2.5 meters wide and 2 meters high. It is not known exactly what its purpose was. An author has identified it as a megalithic grave. A cross of small dimensions made from incisions on the stone of one of the walls draws ones attention. It is believed that it could be part of an old chapel or hermitage that could have had a work area and would date back to the medieval or an earlier era.

It is also not ruled out that the name of Sant Julià could mean the presence of a very old place of worship. This Throne of the queen, also known as Pont de la Bruixa (the Witch’s Bridge), presides over the ensemble. To the left of this seat you can see a flat surface, of about one meter in length that, as the saying goes, was the place destined for the sacrifices. The existence of a U-shaped channel, possibly intended to collect blood, would confirm the hypothesis of this legend, which is another anecdote from the place. There are also two semi-spherical bowls, perhaps artificial, that are identical to those that often appear in the megalithic burial slabs.

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